by Alain Chivilò
Women Masters, from 31 October 2023 to 4 February 2024, at the Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza put femininity as main subject of Art.
About a hundred works divided in sculpture, paintings, fabrics and works on paper trace, between the 16th century and the first decades of the 20th century, the evolution but always awareness of the role of women as artists. In a chauvinistic world, from private life to the limelight. Artists who fought by breaking away from canonical clichés often created by a very frequently polemical and contradictory world led by men. Among the names Elisabetta Sirani, Berthe Morisot, Natalia Goncharova, Sonia Delaunay, Angelica Kauffmann, Clara Peeters, Rosa Bonheur, Artemisia Gentileschi, Maruja Mallo, María Blanchard, Mary Cassatt. The exhibition will continue, in a reduced version, at the Arp Museum Bahnhof Rolandseck during the year.
Eight sections, curated by Rocío de la Villa: Sisterhood. the cause of women by deepening the debate in seventeenth-century Italy on the role of women and on the presence of female artists who painted emancipating themselves from male painters. Botanists, Well-Versed in Wonders, time of colonialism and new scientific theories with pioneering women of still life painting and botanical illustration. Enlightened Women and Academicians, before the Enlightenment and during a new vision for women artists. Orientalism/Genre Painting, a different artistic version compared to men who tended to give aspects tending towards eroticism, while women were more adherent to the observed reality. Workers/Carers, we are in the 1800s and the artists showed groups of women working in the countryside compared to the single portrait of men. New portrayals of Motherhood, new iconographies that arose from the nineteenth century onwards. Sisterhood II. Rapport, the impressionists Berthe Morisot, Marie Bracquemond, Louise Breslau and Cecilia Beaux conceived new iconographies of relationships, confidences and friendships between women, expressed from a melancholy perspective by the symbolist sculptor Marie Cazin. In this private world far from the male gaze, the desire for freedom was brewing. Emancipated Women, new artistic languages and new conceptions in art.